Covering Head in Prayer


By Mufti Taqi Usmani

Q.)Is the prayer valid if Imam of the mosque does not cover his head with cap or same cloth? What kind of requirement is it to cover one’s head in prayers. Is it wajib, Mustahab, or what? (Zubair A. Khan, Chicago)


A.) Covering one’s head during salah is a sunnah and one should act upon it to the best possible extent, however, it is not a mandatory condition for the validity of salah therefore, the obligation is discharged without it, though devoid of the blessings of sunnah. We should try our best to make our salah as close to the sunnah as possible.


Even a slight carelessness may deprive us from the barakah and reward which every sunnah of the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, may bring to his true follower. Therefore, we should not take this matter lightly.


Wearing Cap While Praying


By Mufti Ebrahim Desai

POSTED: 21 RABI-U-THANI 1424, 21 JUNE 2003

Q.) I want to ask whether it is necessary to wear a cap while praying? Some people say that the prayer is not accepted without a cap or anything. Are there any Hadith regarding this matter?


Q.)Is the wearing of a cap proven from Hadith? Did Rasulullah and the Sahaba wear it?


A.)Abu Kabsha (Radhiallaahu Ánhu) narrates that the caps of the companions of Rasulullah used to be round and spacious.


(Mirqaat vol.8 pg.246)


It is narrated by Tabrani on the authority of Ibn Umar (Radhiallaahu Ánhuma) that Rasulullah used to wear a white cap. (Ibid)


Hassan Basri (Rahmatullah Alayhi) states that the people (Sahaba – Radhiallaahu Anhum) used to make Sajda (prostrate) upon their turbans and caps.


(Bukhari vol.1 pg.56; Rashidiyya)


Mullah Ali Qari (Rahmatulah Alayhi) states that the wearing of the cap has become one of the salient symbols of Islam. (Mirqaat vol.8 pg.246)


It is the only outward and unique salient feature that distinguishes a Muslim from a non-Muslim. No other community group or people wear the Muslim type hat.

And Allah Ta’ala Knows Best


Legal Status of Topi (Head-Gear) in Shariah




What is the ruling on a topi in shariah? sunah,mustahab ect? If it is possible can you please provide daleel?


Answer: In the Name of Allah, Most Compassionate, Most Merciful.

Wearing a hat (Qalansuwa in Arabic) is the Sunnah of our blessed Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace), Sahaba (Allah be pleased with them all) and the great scholars and pious predecessors of this Ummah.


There are many evidences which support this. Just to mention a few:


1) Abdullah Ibn Umar(Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him & give him peace) used to wear a white hat

(Recorded by Tabrani).


2) Hasan al-Basri (Allah be pleased with him) says: “The people (Sahaba-Allah be pleased with them all) used to perform Sajdah (prostration) upon their turbans and hats


(Sahih al-Bukhari, 1/151).

3) Rukanah (Allah be pleased with him) says, I heard the Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) say: “The difference between us and the polytheists is, wearing the turban over the hat”


(Sunan Abu Dawud, 4075 & Sunan Tirmizi, 3919).


4) In the ‘Musannaf’ of Ibn Abi Shaybah, the wearing of a hat is reported from Ali ibn al-Husain Abdullahibn Zubair, Dahhak, and Abu Musa (Allah be pleased with them all).


It is clear from the above that wearing a hat is a Sunnah. It has been the practise of the Ummah throughout history, and has become one of the symbols of Islam.


The great Hanafi jurist, Mullah Ali al-Qari (Allah have mercy on him) states that the wearing of the hat has become one of the salient symbols of Islam.

(Mirqat al-Masabih, vol.8 pg.246).

Due to the above, the scholars mention that even though, not wearing a hat can not be classed as unlawful (haram), as it is a Sunnah, but due to the fact that it has become one of the signs of Islam, it is generally undesirable to keep the head exposed. One should try to keep the head covered whenever reasonably possible.

And Allah knows best

Muhammad ibn Adam

Darul Iftaa

Leicester, UK

Article taken (with Thanks) from Darul Ifta



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