Taqleed in the life time of Rasulullaah (S.A.W)
When Hadhrat Maaz ibn Jabal (R.A) was sent to Yemen
(Abu Dawood, vol.2. p. 149, Majmal Zawaid – vol.2 p. 451, Bukhari – vol. 2 p.997),
then the people of Yemen followed him, made his Taqleed in all matters. Matters pertaining to mundane affairs and issues concerning devotional practices also. Definitely rules and principles of Deen were not completed by then. So Hadhrat Maaz(R.A) utilized the facility of deduction by analogy within the Shariat, which the ghair Muqaleeds deny and reject. Whilst Hadhrat Maaz (R.A) was in Yemen and if a new problem or situation arose, how was the decision made?
In those days there was no sound transmission system, hi-tec transmitters, radios, satellite, e mail, cell – phones to contact Masjid -e- Nabawi (S.A.W) .
Did the people of Yemen commit kufr, shirk, bidat by making Taqleed of Hadhrat Maaz bin Jabal (R.A)?
Did Nabi (S.A.W) send Hadhrat Maaz (R.A) so that the people be involved in kufr, shirk, bidat ?
This Taqleed was taking place in the life time of Nabi (S.A.W).
Similarly, Nabi (S.A.W) sent Hadhrat Musaib bin Umayr (R.A) as the first teacher to Madinah at the request of the Madinates after the pledge of Aqaba.
(His grave lies along that of Hadhrat Hamza (R.A) in the graveyard of Uhud).
Whist Hadhrat Musaib (R.A) was in Madinah, who did the people follow?
Did Nabi (S.A.W) send Hadhrat Musaib (R.A) to teach and to be followed or just to teach ?
How could Hadhrat Musaib (R.A) contact Nabi (S.A.W) in Makkah if a new situation arose ?
Did Nabi (S.A.W) send Hadhrat Musaib (R.A) so that the people of Madinah may indulge in kufr, shirk, bidat ?
Did the people of Madinah, by making the Taqleed of Hadhrat Musaib commit kufr, shirk, bidat ?
This also took place in the lifetime of Nabi (S.A.W).
In both cases, we observe Taqleed being made of another person during the lifetime of Nabi (S.A.W), let alone after his demise.